Gum disease is diagnosed in the following 3 ways:
1. By using a periodontal probe, or tiny ruler, to measure the depth of pockets between your teeth and gums
2. By reviewing x-rays for bone loss
3. By checking for signs of bleeding gums and/or inflammation.
If you have been diagnosed with gum disease, there is hope. There are treatments to help reduce further damage to your gums and teeth. Your dentist or periodontist is able to provide several treatments to reduce infection-causing bacteria and halt further spreading, as well as diminish the size of periodontal pockets that encourage growth of bacteria.